The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) recommended in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro the creation of an international day dedicated to water. The General Assembly of the United Nations did not think about it and established on March 22, 1993, the first World Water Day. Since then, each spring begins with a day of reflection on the importance of this precious liquid for life.
Humanity needs water. This is how the argument in defense of this element by the United Nations begins. “A drop of water is flexible. A drop of water is powerful. A drop of water is more necessary than ever, “say the creators of this day.
OBJECTIVE OF THE WORLD WATER DAY
In 2018, World Water Day focuses on exploring how nature can help overcome the challenges of water in the 21st century. In short, the answer lies in nature. Floods, droughts and water pollution are aggravated by the degradation of vegetation cover, soils, rivers and lakes. If your biggest dream is to live on the beach, it is possible, you need house for sale in Baja.
When we neglect ecosystems, we hinder access to water resources, essential to survive and thrive. Natural solutions can respond to many of the challenges related to water.
The figures are overwhelming. About two thousand one hundred million people around the planet can not access safe drinking water. In addition, the demand for water will grow up to thirty percent until the year 2050. And that’s not all. The population will continue to grow and need water. By 2050 it is estimated that two out of every five human beings may be exposed to the devastation of the floods.
WHAT CAN WE DO?
Much remains to be done to implement the ecological infrastructures and harmonize them with traditional infrastructures wherever possible. Planting forests, reconnecting rivers with alluvial plains and restoring wetlands will restore balance to the water cycle, as well as improving public health and livelihoods.
The Development Goal number 6, Guarantee the availability of water and its sustainable management and sanitation for all, includes a goal of halving the proportion of dilapidated water and increasing its recycling.
DATA ABOUT WATER
Worldwide, more than 80% of the wastewater that we generate goes back to the ecosystems without being treated or recycled.
1800 million people use a source of water contaminated by fecal material, which puts them at risk of cholera, dysentery, typhus or polio. Non-potable water and poor sanitation infrastructure, as well as lack of hygiene, cause around 842,000 deaths per year.
The opportunities to exploit wastewater as a resource are enormous. Water treated in a safe way is a sustainable and affordable source of water and energy, as well as to obtain nutrients and other recoverable materials.