World Water Day 2018: water solutions based on nature

Damaged ecosystems affect the quantity and quality of water available for human consumption and other activities. Currently, 2.1 billion people live without drinking water in their homes, which affects their health, education and livelihoods.

Regarding climate change and the environment:

Globally, more than 80% of wastewater generated by man is discharged back into the environment without being treated or reused.

The number of people at risk of flooding is expected to increase from 1,200 million today to around 1,600 million by 2050, almost 20% of the world’s population.

Currently, around 1,800 million people are affected by land degradation and desertification. At least 65% of the forest lands are in a degraded state.

It is estimated that since 1900 between 64 and 71% of natural wetlands have been lost due to human activity.

Soil erosion from farmland drains between 25,000 and 40,000 million tons of topsoil each year, which significantly reduces crop yields and soil capacity to regulate water, carbon and nutrients, dentists in Tijuana are always attentive to the care of water in their offices and to manage their work philosophy as ecologically as possible.

This year the theme of World Water Day focuses on how nature provides integral and sustainable solutions to face the challenges of water on the planet. As we often say, “nature is wise” and therefore, nature-based solutions such as planting trees to replace forests, restoring wetlands or collecting water can be a sustainable and effective way to help to rebalance the water cycle, mitigate the effects of climate change and improve human health and the environment.

What is a nature-based solution (NBS)?

A nature-based solutions, as its name suggests, is an innovative and environmental option, based on the natural cycle of the planet, especially vegetation, soils and wetlands, to complement the insufficient infrastructure of Water. Some examples are:

For the availability and supply of water: storage of water through the wetlands, recharging groundwater through the ground, green spaces through infiltration and biorestoration, permeable pavements …

For water quality: sustainable agriculture to reduce the pollution of current agriculture, reforestation and forest conservation, construction of wetlands.